updated 15 April 05

link·age n.

1. The act or process of linking or the condition
of being linked.
2. A system of interconnected elements.

Resource-related linkages — both past, present, and desired — need to be demonstrated in order to validate the goals and intent of resource plans. One way to do this is through social and economic indicators.

This section provides information that will help a county develop and update their social-economic profile.

This section addresses:

Methodology to Determine Linkages
Examples of Social-Economic Profiles
Information Sources for Data




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-Brian Cottam, GOPB






























Determining and Demonstrating
Social-Economic Linkages to County Resources

Methodology to Determine Social-Economic Linkages

A social-economic profile should describe how the county's history, culture, character, and communities have been shaped by, and are connected to, their physical surroundings. To do this, a county should:

•  compile their social-economic profile ( see information sources ), and
•  consider what these connections mean in terms of a desired future for the county.

Examples of Social-Economic Profiles

The Governor's Office of Planning & Budget recently compiled profiles on a number of counties. The county profiles are an excellent template, but the state-wide profile should also be consulted to further establish the local context. These profiles can be found at - http://www.planning.utah.gov/usfsprofiles.htm

The Six County Association of Governments has also compiled social-economic profiles for their member counties and communities in central Utah . These profiles can be found at - http://www.sixcounty.com/site/index.php?module=pagemaster&PAGE_user_op=view_page&PAGE_id=32


Information Sources for Social-Economic Data

Note: Estimates are usually for the present and past, while projections are estimates for future dates.

A good place to begin gathering general social-economic data for your county and communities is the U.S. Census Bureau's “QuickFacts.” QuickFacts tables are summary profiles showing frequently requested data items from various Census Bureau Programs. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/49/49055.html

Population Data :

Any population data is an indication of the demand on resources. Once a county knows about past population counts, it can better understand the impact of population on the local economy in the past.

•  Historic Decennial Census Counts - (Census Bureau)
•  http://www.governor.utah.gov/dea/HTMLBriefs/CityCountyBrief/Historic.htm

Following an examination of the past, a county can look at the probable future and the potential impact on local resources.

•  Population Projections - (GOPB)
•  http://www.governor.utah.gov/dea/LongTermProjections.html

Age groups give a county a more detailed snapshot of specific groups that may have higher demands on resources.

•  Age Distribution – (historic from Census, projected from GOPB)
•  http://www.governor.utah.gov/dea/LongTermProjections.html

Similar to age groups, racial and ethnic composition gives a county an idea of the groups that may have a higher demand on local resources. San Juan County, for example, will have a significant impact from the American Indian population.

•  Racial/Ethnic Composition – (Census Bureau)

•  http://www.census.gov/popest/race.html (estimates)
•  http://www.governor.utah.gov/dea/HTMLBriefs/RaceBrief/contents.htm (decennial)

Where is the population concentrated? Where are these population centers and what impact might they have on the county's resources.

•  Most Populous Cities – (Census Bureau)
•  http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/


Economic Data :

Employment data is an indicator of the overall economy of a region. It may help establish linkages to the public lands and associated resources in the area.

•  Non-Agriculture Employment by Industry – (Utah Department of Workforce Services - DWS)

Wage data specifies the impact of employment on the economy.

•  Non-Agriculture Wages by Industry – (DWS)
•  http://jobs.utah.gov/wi/pubs/EM/AnnualReport/

Historic job growth data provides a relative measure of how the local economy compares to the State and Nation.

•  Historic Job Growth – (Bureau of Economic Analysis - BEA)
•  http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis/
•  Select table CA30

Unemployment data provides another indication of the health of the local economy.

•  Unemployment Rate – (DWS)
•  http://jobs.utah.gov/wi/Regions/County.asp

The impact of federal vs. local government on the local economy.

•  Government Jobs – (BEA)
•  http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis/
•  Select table CA25

Given the history, a county can make projections about the areas of the economy that will change and, therefore, impact the economy in the future.

•  Employment Projections By Industry – (GOPB)
•  http://www.governor.utah.gov/dea/LongTermProjections.html

Industry shares of total employment show the areas of specialization that will most impact the future of the economy. For example, changes in mining employment has a significant impact on the Emery County economy.

•  Historic, Current, and Projected Industry Share of Total Employment

•  Historic and Current from BEA
• http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis/
•  Select table CA25

•  Projected from GOPB

•  note: in the future, a county may encounter issues comparing SIC to NAICS

Income data provides a measure of the relative purchasing power of local households (as compared to the state).

•  Median Household Income

•  Census Bureau (decennial)
•  http://www.governor.utah.gov/dea/HTMLBriefs/Inc&Pov/Contents.htm

•  Current Population Survey (CPS)
•  CPS http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income.html

•  Per Capita Income

•  Census Bureau (decennial)
•  http://www.governor.utah.gov/dea/HTMLBriefs/Inc&Pov/SMCRInc.htm

•  BEA
•  http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis/
•  Select table CA1-3

Total income data provides another measure of an area's economic growth by the sum of all income in the area.

•  Total Personal Income – (BEA)
•  http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/reis/
•  Select table CA1-3

Poverty data provides a measurement of economic well-being by looking at people in need. It also shows the potential difficulties faced by government in that area, as the impoverished require more government services.

•  Percent of Population in Poverty – (Census Bureau (only available decennial at the county level))
•  http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/49/49001.html

Educational data provides an indication of an area's ability to adjust to changes in the economy.

•  Educational Attainment
•  Could also use CPS data intercensal
•  CPS http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/educ-attn.html
•  Census from AFF at Census website